Woman found dead in London flat as man arrested on suspicion of murder – The Sun

A WOMAN has been found dead in a London flat as a man was arrested on suspicion of murder.

The woman was discovered with "serious injuries" at the Enfield home last night.

It's the fifth murder probe launched in London in just three weeks amid fears domestic violence would soar during the coronavirus lockdown.

Met Police confirmed they had been called to Plevna Road just after 6pm.

They said: "Officers and London Ambulance Service attended and found a woman inside a flat with serious injuries, she was pronounced dead at the scene.

"A post-mortem examination will take place in due course."

The ma arrested on suspicion of murder and remains in police custody.

It comes after Tracey Kidd, 57, was found dead at a flat in Clapton, east London, on March 17. A 40-year-old man has been charged with her murder.

Two days later mum-of-two Shadika Mohsin Patel, 40, was stabbed to death in Barking, east London.

A man, 28, has been charged with her murder.

Kelly Stewart, 41, was found battered to death in a churchyard in Plaistow, east London, on March 26. A 21-year-old local man has been charged with murder.

Sonia Calvi, 56, was found stabbed to death along with 59-year-old Edgar Daza at a flat in Stockwell, south London, on Wednesday April 1st.

A 44-year-old man has been charged with two counts of murder.

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Surgeon General says US should be able to re-open at the end of this month as ‘deaths stabilize’ – The Sun

THE U.S. surgeon general says parts of the country should be able to re-open by the end of April if Americans continue to social distance to stop the spread of the coronavirus.

Jerome Adams said on ABC's Good Morning America on Tuesday he sees "a light at the end of this tunnel, and we feel confident that if we do the right thing until the end of this month, we can start opening in certain places."

"We’ve got promising therapeutics of hundreds of trials going on across the country, and we know that once we get testing out there, more widely available — and we’re going to be at two million tests by the end of this week — and once we have a strong public health infrastructure in place to follow up positive tests and isolate case contacts, that we will be able to get back to some sense of normalcy."

Adams added: "Right now we’re watching China and South Korea closely to see how they do it."

The surgeon general's remarks come after he pleaded for people to stay home this week, as he anticipated it would "be our Pearl Harbor moment."

"It’s going to be the hardest moment for many Americans in their entire lives," he said over the weekend. "We really need to understand that if we want to flatten that curve and get through to the other side, everyone needs to do their part.”

Adams implored the American public to act as if they already have COVID-19 in order to "protect your neighbor, protect your loved ones."

He said on Tuesday: "I started off the week telling Americans this was gonna be a really, really rough week."

"But I also wanted Americans to understand that when we’ve dealt with tough times in the past, the country has rallied — and what we’re seeing now is the country is rallying."

"We’re seeing New York and New Jersey have hospitalizations level off and start to come down, deaths are starting to slow down and level off — and that’s important because it tells us mitigation is working, it tells us what the American people are doing by staying at home, by social distancing, by practicing good hygiene."

Adams said the 30-day guidelines telling Americans to stay at home "will help us get through to the other side of this unfortunate tragedy."

He said there's proof social distancing is working and used California and Washington state as examples.

"We see that they’ve been very flat and that’s coincident with them instituting aggressive mitigation," he said on CBS This Morning. "We see Italy and Spain down on the downslopes of their curves coincident with them starting mitigation, so we know mitigation is working."

On NBC's Today show, during which anchor Savannah Guthrie said New York appears to have a "glimmer of hope," Adams said he doesn't want to say if the Empire State has hit its peak yet, but "kudos" to the western states "for flattening their curve."

"In New York, we see that because people have been cooperating, the power to change the virus is in the hands of the people."

When asked about the high death toll among African-Americans, Adams said: "My recommendation is to understand that you are at risk, you are not immune."

He said in America, many black people are of lower socioeconomic status, and therefore it's harder for them to socially distance. The surgeon general said he understand black people, himself included, have health concerns like heart disease or diabetes.

"We're really doing this not just to protect ourselves, but each other. Every single person who stays at home, whether you're white, black, brown or yellow, is a person who is not spreading COVID, and is a person who can protect their neighbors."

"When you wear a cloth facial covering if you go outside, you're doing it to protect your neighbor," Adams said. "Now's really the time for us to come together and say, 'Look, I'm doing this not just for me and my family, but I'm doing this for my community, and all the communities across the country.'"

Adams said such efforts are working. "We will get through this, we are seeing progress, but America has the power to change the trajectory of this epidemic. The public really needs to keep doing their part."

When asked on the Today show about White House memos from Peter Navarro, a senior economic adviser to the president, warning in January of the impact the coronavirus could have on the country, Adams said he hadn't seen the memos.

Adams said federal health officials have been saying "for decades" that a pandemic like this was a possibility. He said that looking back at other outbreaks, like SARS, "many people have never expected something of this magnitude."

The surgeon general said many people on the federal levels are being "humbled" because of the outbreak and its impact.

As of Tuesday morning, the U.S. had reported more than 368,000 cases of the coronavirus with nearly 11,000 deaths. Close to 20,000 people in the country have recovered from the virus.

President Donald Trump on Saturday warned that the U.S. will suffer "a lot of death" as the country entered its "toughest" two weeks in the battle against COVID-19.

Trump told reporters: "Now, over the next week, two weeks, it's going to be a very, very deadly period, unfortunately."

When the president said he's considering the idea of allowing churches to open up for Palm Sunday and Easter Sunday, Adams disagreed.

"We're trying to get people the science," he said. "The science says this Palm Sunday, we need you to stay at home."

"This is going to be a hard week. It's going to test our resolve. It's going to be the hardest week of our lives."

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Detroit news anchor shares experience of recovering from coronavirus

A Detroit news anchor has fully recovered from the coronavirus, but says he’s now dealing with another affliction: survivor’s guilt.

Evrod Cassimy, a morning anchor at WDIV, said his path back to full health has been an emotional one after contacting COVID-19 on March 17. While he’s thrilled to get back to good health, Cassimy said many aren’t as lucky, the Detroit Free Press reports.

“It’s hard to celebrate and be so happy that you’re fully recovered when people are dying,” Cassimy told the newspaper. “It’s like this guilt feeling. Here in Detroit and southeast Michigan we’re getting hit really hard.”

Cassimy, a married father of two, said Monday that he knew at least one person who died overnight from COVID-19.

“There’s a good chance you or someone you know knows someone that has passed away or is really sick,” Cassimy said. “I have a lot of survivor’s guilt.”

Cassimy, a six-time Emmy nominee now back at work after “literally the worst two weeks” of his life, said he felt largely unable to move while stricken with the debilitating virus.

“The worst pain you can ever imagine throughout your entire body,” he recalled. “It almost felt like lead was weighting down each and every part of my body. I couldn’t move. I couldn’t get out of bed.”

Cassimy’s wife and kids showed mild symptoms, but they, too, have since gotten back to their former selves, WDIV reports.

“We’re so thankful we are fully recovered from this and are able to have this time together as a family,” Cassimy told the station.

One of those joys, he said, is spending more time with his kids.

“I rocked my son to sleep last night and I said to myself, ‘Man, I wasn’t able to do this for two weeks,’” Cassimy told the Free Press. “And he’s two. And there will come a day when I won’t be able to rock him to sleep at all … I’m savoring those moments.”

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'NHS doesn't give up intensive care beds just to look people over'

Inside an ICU ward: Two-thirds of patients admitted to intensive care with Covid-19 need ventilation within 24 hours – as one expert says ‘the NHS doesn’t just give up intensive care beds for people to be “looked over”‘

  • Boris Johnson was taken into intensive care at St Thomas’s Hospital last night because of the coronavirus
  • Concern is growing as beds are reserved for the some of the most dangerously ill patients in a hospital
  • The units have high ratios of staff to patients, life support machines and constant vital signs monitoring
  • A report on NHS patients revealed 62 per cent on ICUs will need a ventilator within 24 hours of transfer

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson was moved to an intensive care unit at a London hospital last night in a frightening turn in the UK’s coronavirus outbreak.

The PM is reported to be in a stable condition, breathing on his own and ‘in good spirits’. He is said not to have been diagnosed with pneumonia and is receiving only minimal extra oxygen.

But there are still fears he could become seriously ill. One disease expert, the University of Reading’s Dr Simon Clarke, said: ‘The NHS, particularly at this moment, doesn’t give up intensive care beds just for people to be looked over. It doesn’t work like that, even for prime ministers.’

One-on-one nursing, life support machines and constant monitoring are the order of the day in an ICU and are what hundreds of stricken COVID-19 patients across the country – and the world – now face on a daily basis.

The units cannot cure the coronavirus any more than medics anywhere else, but they can buy seriously ill patients vital time by keeping their organs running while the immune system battles the virus naturally. 

An audit report of NHS units has found that almost two-thirds (63 per cent) of patients admitted to ICU are put onto ventilators within 24 hours of arriving, and around half of those whose outcomes are known have died. 

These are the features of an ICU which make them so suited to lifesaving treatment:

A bed in an intensive care unit is staffed by small numbers of specialist staff who give round-the-clock care using machines able to replace the functions of the hearts and lungs

Hospitals offer varying degrees of breathing support for patients whose lungs aren’t working properly, such as people with severe COVID-19. The treatments vary from basic breathing masks to machines which force oxygen into the blood and pump it round the body themselves

Ventilators and life support machines help overwhelmed organs while the body fights infection

The Government launched a drive to boost the numbers of ventilators available for the NHS. The machines are crucial for keeping coronavirus patients alive

The most vital pieces of equipment in intensive care units, particularly for people infected with the coronavirus, are ventilators and life support machines.

All beds in an ICU will have their own ventilators on hand in case the patient’s organs start to fail.

For COVID-19 patients and Mr Johnson, there is a risk that the virus will overcome their lungs and make them unable to get enough oxygen into their blood. 

A ventilator works by pumping oxygen directly into the lungs through a tube which is put down the patient’s throat.

This procedure is usually done while the patient is sedated as they would be if they were having surgery. After the tubes are in place, the patient may awaken or they could be kept in a medically-induced coma if they are fighting for their life. 

The process is described as ‘particularly invasive’ by Reading University’s Dr Clarke, and is only used if the patient becomes unable to breathe well enough on their own.   

More seriously ill patients may require even more support – machines called extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can remove blood from the body and artificially pump oxygen into it if the heart and lungs start to fail completely.   

Two-thirds of ICU patients need ventilation and survival is 50/50

The death rate of coronavirus patients hit 50 per cent for those admitted to intensive care and whose treatment had finished, recent figures show 

A report on COVID-19 intensive care patients in NHS hospitals found that two-thirds of those taken into critical care (62.9 per cent) had to be moved onto mechanical ventilation within 24 hours. 

And half of those whose outcome was known at the time of the audit had died in hospital.

The Intensive Care National Audit and Research Centre (ICNARC) found in a report published on April 4 that, out of 690 ICU patients whose treatment was finished, 346 died and 344 survived. 

This gave the ICU patients a 50.1 per cent chance of dying with the coronavirus, but 1,559 out of the 2,249 people in the audit were still being treated in hospital. 

Doctors say that many of the patients who died were seriously ill and could have been expected die soon anyway, regardless of whether they caught the coronavirus.

But there are also young, otherwise healthy people dying – 396 people under the age of 60 have been killed by the virus, and there are daily reports of healthy older people succumbing to it.

One of the most dangerous mechanisms of COVID-19 is its ability to send the immune system into overdrive and trigger sepsis, which is when the body’s own attempts to get rid of the virus end up destroying healthy cells and organs. 

Linda Bauld, a public health professor at the University of Edinburgh, said: ‘The admission of the Prime Minister to intensive care is of huge concern and illustrates just how indiscriminate this virus is.

‘Anyone anywhere, including the most privileged in our society, can be affected and can become seriously ill. It is imperative now, more than ever that the rest of us comply with government guidelines to stay at home and not put others at risk.’  

Dedicated team of critical care specialists at a high staff-to-patient ratio

Specialist staff work in teams which would usually have a ration of one nurse to one patient, although they may need to be relaxed in busy units (Pictured: Staff on a ‘coronavirus ward’ at the Royal Bournemouth Hospital)

Most patients in an intensive care unit will have at least one specialist nurse who is tasked with looking after them and them alone.

This may be relaxed in the coronavirus crisis because of a shortage of highly qualified staff, but the ratio of nurses to patients – which may stretch up to six-to-one in busy hospitals – will be lower than on a general ward.

Other hospital wards tend to be staffed by a team of less specialist nurses and healthcare assistants who split the workload among them and check on patients regularly throughout the day and night instead of watching them for 24 hours a day.

Because of ICU patients’ risk of becoming life-threateningly ill, they are given dedicated round-the-clock care.

Intensive care units also have their own doctors – usually called a consultant in intensive care medicine, or similar – who constantly monitor the patients in their unit to decide what level of care they need.

St Thomas’ Hospital in central London, where Mr Johnson is being looked after, has three permanent intensive care units consisting of 42 beds. It also has four high dependency units and may have more capacity for the COVID-19 epidemic. 

The lung specialists at St Thomas’ Hospital are some of the best in the UK and the hospital now has a dedicated team set up to handle COVID-19 patients.

One of them, Dr Luigi Camporota, a consultant in intensive care medicine, last week held a seminar explaining to other hospitals the best way to attach a coronavirus patient to a ventilator, The Times reports.

And St Thomas’ was one of just five hospitals in the country which was used to treat patients at the start of the coronavirus outbreak because it has a highly trained team expert at tackling infectious diseases.

CPAP: Pressurised oxygen delivered through a face mask to help patients whose lungs aren’t weak enough to need a ventilator 

PM Boris Johnson is believed to be receiving CPAP therapy, which pushes pure oxygen into the lungs through a face mask (Pictured in a video he filmed before being hospitalised) 

Mr Johnson is not believed to have been hooked up to a ventilator yet, Michael Gove confirmed this morning, but has received oxygen therapy of some kind. It is possible he is having a different kind of breathing support called continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP).

This involves a constant stream of pure oxygen being pumped through a tight-fighting mask while the patient is still awake and inhaling on their own.

The pressure helps to open up the lungs and force air in where the weakened lungs are unable to draw it in themselves, while the high purity of the oxygen makes it easier for the body to get it into the blood rather than trying to filter it out of air. 

CPAP machines are also now being used on normal wards in some hospitals because of the COVID-19 crisis, doctors say, instead of being limited to intensive care units. 

Oxygen is piped directly to a valve at the ICU patient’s bedside from a central supply tank somewhere else in the hospital. This gives the ward a constant supply on demand for the patients who need it most.

The reason coronavirus patients may need help breathing is because the SARS-CoV-2 virus infects people by latching onto cells inside their lungs.

As it does this, the immune system triggers swelling in the lungs in its bid to attack the virus, constricting the airways and leading to a tight chest and shallower breathing.

Viruses also die inside the lungs and may kill off lung tissue as it reproduces, causing dead cells and debris to fall into the airways and block parts of them, making oxygen absorption less efficient and causing a cough as the body tries to get material out. 

Constant monitoring of pulse, breathing and oxygen in the blood watches for deterioration

Patients on intensive care wards are attached to machines which constantly monitor and track their heart rate, breathing and levels of oxygen in their blood – the vital signs.

BORIS JOHNSON’S HOSPITALISATION ‘TRULY FRIGHTENING’ 

Michael Gove admitted Boris Johnson’s intensive care battle is ‘truly frightening’ today as he said ministers are ‘praying’ for his swift recovery.

Mr Johnson was moved to ICU at St Thomas’ Hospital in central London and given oxygen after his health deteriorated sharply over just two hours, leaving doctors fearing he will need a ventilator.

The 55-year-old was transferred to intensive care at 7pm because of breathing difficulties – forcing him to ‘deputise’ Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab to take the reins of government.

In a round of broadcast interviews this morning, Cabinet Office minister Mr Gove said Mr Johnson was getting the ‘best care’.

‘As we speak the PM is in intensive care being looked after by his medical team receiving the very, very best care from the team in St Thomas’ and our hopes and prayers are with him and with his family,’ he told BBC Breakfast.   

He said Mr Johnson’s plight should demonstrate the need to follow social distancing rules, as the virus ‘has a malevolence that is truly frightening’. 

Mr Gove played down concerns that the government will be paralysed with the leader out of action, insisting that Mr Johnson had already been on a ‘stripped back diary’ for days and ‘Cabinet is the supreme decision making body’.

However, within hours it had emerged that Mr Gove himself had also been impacted by coronavirus, as he has gone into self-isolation following a family member displaying symptoms. 

Mr Gove also dodged questions about whether Mr Raab has been given crucial national security responsibilities such as control of the nuclear deterrent and military.  

The Queen is being kept informed about Mr Johnson’s condition. The monarch appoints the PM, choosing the individual who is best placed to carry a majority in the Commons.

Meanwhile, Donald Trump revealed he has offered to send Mr Johnson experimental drugs to treat his coronavirus.

‘I’ve asked two of the leading companies … They’ve come with the solutions and just have done incredible jobs – and I’ve asked him to contact London immediately,’ Mr Trump said. 

‘The London office has whatever they need. We’ll see if we can be of help. We’ve contacted all of Boris’s doctors, and we’ll see what is going to take place, but they are ready to go.’ 

The PM’s sharp downturn came 11 days after he first suffered coronavirus symptoms and went into isolation. He looked increasingly unwell when glimpsed in public and in ‘selfie’ videos posted on on social media, and ministers were then shocked by his grim appearance at a Zoom conference on Sunday.

Downing Street sources confirmed Mr Johnson is not yet on a ventilator – but was moved to intensive care to be near one if needed. Some medical experts forecasting this course of action is now ‘very likely’. 

These are shown on a screen at the patient’s bedside so nurses and doctors can keep track of how well their organs are performing.

Large or constant declines in any of those three measures could be a sign that someone’s health is deteriorating and they need more support from machines.

Oxygen saturation – how much of it is in their blood – is a big point of focus for very sick coronavirus patients because the virus is able to stop the lungs drawing in enough of the vital chemical.

Too little oxygen in the blood can starve the muscles and organs of energy and eventually lead to life-threatening organ failure. 

Dr Ron Daniels, an intensive care doctor in Birmingham, explained to Sky News: ‘Most of what we’re seeing in terms of referral to intensive care is about people who have very low levels of oxygen in their blood. 

‘People seem, with this condition, to be able to cope with low levels of oxygen better than they would with, for example, a normal bacterial pneumonia.

‘But when those levels dip to a dangerous level that might threaten other organs in the body then we bring them to intensive care.’

Critically ill patients put into induced comas  

Patients who need to be put onto ventilators or other life support machines may be put into induced comas if they are life-threateningly ill.

This is a dramatic step which is essentially intended to shut down any functions of the body which use up energy for purposes other than fighting infection and staying alive.

Induced comas are started in the same way that patients are put under for surgery, with an anaesthetic such as the drug propofol. 

Specialist anaesthetists administer the drug at a level which reduces someone brain to and then they maintain the dose to stop the patient waking up. 

This stops the patient from wasting energy on brain functions and muscle movements that aren’t needed, and also allows machines to take over and breathe or even pump blood in place of the patient’s organs if this is necessary.

People who have to be put into induced comas will likely take longer to recover than those who are kept conscious.

Some patients may see improvements within days, while others will have to stay on the ward for weeks. Some people with COVID-19 have needed hospital treatment with two to three weeks or longer.

Drip-feed of water, nutrients and medication 

Patients in intensive care will often be connected to intravenous fluids, also known as a drip, which feed water, nutrients and sometimes medication into their veins.

This is done to make sure someone doesn’t become dehydrated or starved if they become unable to eat or drink as often as they need to. 

Patients who have to be sedated (knocked out) will not be able to swallow so must have all the fluids, food and drugs they need injected directly into their body.

The medicines given to coronavirus patients may include painkillers if they’re still awake, antibiotics if they develop a bacterial infection such as pneumonia. 

Coronavirus survivor, 39, says ‘I want people to realise you can survive this’ after his ‘horrible’ experience in intensive care 

Matt Dockray spent a week in intensive care fighting the coronavirus infection. He said his time in hospital was a ‘horrible, horrible experience’ 

A father who battled coronavirus on an intensive care ward has warned it is the ‘most horrible experience you will go through,’ as Boris Johnson battles the killer infection in hospital.

Matt Dockray, 39, was speaking to Good Morning Britain on Tuesday after Boris Johnson was admitted to intensive care on Monday evening.

The father-of-one said: ‘It’s a horrible, horrible experience. You’re very lonely. You don’t have any friends or family there so you don’t have that emotional, personal support you rely on in your hardest times.’ 

But another dad has issued a rallying cry to the PM, saying: ‘I want people to realise they can survive this’.  

Boris Johnson has received oxygen support at the intensive care unit at St Thomas’ Hospital in London, but has not been moved onto a ventilator, Michael Gove said this morning.

As well-wishers offer messages of the support for the PM, father-of-two Andrew Hodge sent a message of a hope on Good Morning Britain.

The electrical engineeer, who spent six days in intensive care, said: ‘I don’t want to dilute the seriousness of it, but I want people to realise they can survive this.

‘There is so much negative communication about how many people have died, as opposed to how many have survived.’

He praised the treatment and care he received during 10 days at St Peter’s Hospital in Chertsey, describing the team there as ‘phenomenal and attentive’.

Mr Hodge, husband to Dawn and father to Isabella, 17, and Genevieve, 11, also paid tribute to one nurse on Aspen ward at the hospital who simply held his hand for a while, the trust said.

The team at St Peter’s are “delighted” to see Mr Hodge recovering so well back at home, and wish him all the best, the trust added.  

Andrew Hodge, 54, from Laleham, near Staines, who has recovered from coronavirus, celebrating his birthday back home on April 3 

Mr Dockray, from Marlow, Buckinghamshire, told Piers Morgan and Susanna Reid about the treatment he received while in critical care: ‘The main thing is getting oxygen in your system.

‘I’m assuming Boris is at that stage now, they register your oxygen levels and they start getting critically low so they’ve got to get as much oxygen in you as possible. 

‘They start with a regular mask, then they try all sorts of different contraptions and ways to get 100% of oxygen into you.’

Now recovering at home, Mr Dockray spent a week in isolated room, where he said he saw patients of all ages being admitted. 

He admitted he had dark moments as he struggled to overcome the life threatening virus, saying: ‘There was a point where you sort of started to lose hope and thought that was it, because you’ve seen this on the TV, you’ve seen the pictures of Italy. 

‘In my head that was the time to say “You’ve just got to fight as much as you can,”  

He added: ‘To go from that extreme a couple of weeks ago, ICU for a week and come out breathing, talking is a testament you can get to that point.

‘There’s people who have been on those ventilators for a lot longer and they’ve come out and lived to tell the tale.There’s quite a few of us getting clapped out of the hospital that prove you can get back to normal. 

‘There’s still a long road of recovery, it takes about six to eight weeks, but you can sit here and tell the tale and fight this.’

When he arrived back at his Marlow home, Mr Dockray said there were ‘a lot of tears and emotions’ as he hugged his wife and child, while celebrity chef Tom Kerridge sent him a special gift package to help him get on the mend.

Your questions answered as Boris Johnson is moved to intensive care in his battle against coronavirus

Why did Mr Johnson first go to hospital?

He was admitted to St Thomas’ in London at around 8pm on Sunday, ten days after testing positive. Doctors advised him to seek treatment as his ‘persistent symptoms’, including a cough and a temperature, had not improved. His slow recovery is a red flag for complications including pneumonia. No 10 said it was a ‘precautionary step’ so Mr Johnson could have routine tests, which are likely to include procedures which can only be done in hospital.

What happens in intensive care?

Downing Street said the Prime Minister remained conscious last night and was moved to intensive care ‘should he require ventilation’. 

There are two types of ventilators used: non-invasive ventilation and invasive ventilation. Non-invasive ventilation means the patient stays conscious and is given a specialised mask which pumps air at high pressure into the lungs. 

These are called continuous positive airway pressure machines. If this does not work, patients are intubated – have a tube put down their throat into their airway – and placed on an invasive ventilator. They have to be placed in a drug-induced coma and paralysed while the mechanical ventilator takes over their breathing. ICU ventilators have built-in sensors to adjust the amount of oxygen the patient needs.

How common is it to be hospitalised and how high risk is he?

The Prime Minister, 55, is one of 17,911 people to have been admitted to an NHS hospital with coronavirus so far. 

Latest research estimates between five and ten per cent of those who get the virus end up in hospital. The older you are, the more likely you are to need hospital treatment. 

A study found that eight per cent of people in their 50s with the virus need hospital treatment and 0.6 per cent die. Mr Johnson has no known underlying health conditions. But he has struggled with his weight and in December 2018 revealed that he weighed 16 and a half stone. 

Obesity is a risk factor for complications and men are more likely to be hospitalised than women.

How long could he stay in intensive care?

Some patients spend just a day there before recovering and going to a general ward. Others have spent more than three weeks in intensive care units.

What initial tests and treatment did he have and why?

Coronavirus is a respiratory disease so initial tests will have focused on establishing how badly his lungs were damaged. Most patients admitted to hospital with coronavirus have difficulty breathing and get oxygen support. 

Mr Johnson’s oxygen saturation levels will have been monitored by a sensor clipped to a fingertip. Doctors will also have scanned his lungs. 

Other tests establish if major organs have been affected by a lack of oxygen. This includes an ECG and blood tests for the liver and kidneys. 

Patients have their white blood cell counts monitored to show immune response. 

His move to ICU suggests these key measures, most importantly oxygen levels, were continuing to deteriorate yesterday.

What treatment could he receive?

The highest level is mechanical ventilation, which requires patients to be fully sedated. There are no established drugs for coronavirus and antibiotics do not work on viruses.

Could continuing to work make it worse?

The Prime Minister did not take any time off and vowed to continue leading the Government from his hospital bed. 

But this went against NHS advice urging those with coronavirus to get plenty of rest and sleep. 

Exhaustion is a common symptom of coronavirus. Previous studies have shown that a lack of sleep and high stress can suppress the immune system.

 

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Baby hospitalized with coronavirus after dad goes to grocery store

A British baby boy was left hospitalized with the coronavirus — after his dad got the whole family infected with just one quick grocery run.

“We have been in isolation for 3 weeks, I brought the virus home after a single short visit to Tesco,” dad Peter Jones wrote on Twitter of breaking his otherwise strict lockdown to go to a supermarket.

He said that “3 of us recovered fast our 1 yo was less lucky,” writing, “My baby boy is in hospital tonight recovering from an infection following #coronavirus.”

The Devon dad said he was publicizing his family’s nightmare to highlight how even a quick break of a lockdown could have tragic consequences.

His message echoes the one made in the US, with White House coronavirus response coordinator Dr. Deborah Birx telling Americans it is “the moment to not be going to the grocery store” or even the pharmacy.

“I want people to know that just one trip out can risk it all!” Jones warned in his series of tweets starting Friday.

“Please don’t go out! Stay at home, and protect your love ones! Please share so others can avoid our experience!”

Jones — whose initial message was liked more than 23,000 times — later updated followers that his son was discharged and recovering at home after getting oxygen and antibiotics.

“We must try & limit visits and follow the guidance to limit risk,” he said, urging people to only leave isolation for real emergencies.

“Please stay safe and please try to avoid going out as much as possible,” he wrote.

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Rich New Yorkers frolic in Hamptons while coronavirus devastates poor

How the one per cent self isolate: Rich New Yorkers frolic in the Hamptons while coronavirus devastates America’s poor and leaves them facing packed subways, huge grocery lines and a much bigger struggle to get tested for virus

  • Sun-seekers enjoyed beach ball games, bikini outings in the sea, leisurely bike rides and plenty of sunbathing
  • In NYC, people have had to queue for food as stores enforced social distancing rules
  • Essential workers have also had to pack on to overcrowded subway and bus services amid the virus lockdown
  • The maximum fine for breaking social distancing rules was raised from $500 to $1,000 by Governor Cuomo 

Hundreds of rich New Yorkers were pictured enjoying the sea and the sun in the Hamptons as the coronavirus outbreak forced poorer city residents to queue for food and pack onto Subway services. 

The sun-seekers enjoyed beach ball games, bikini outings in the sea, leisurely bike rides and plenty of sunbathing, even as New York continues to be savaged by COVID-19, with more than 130,000 cases and nearly 5,000 deaths.

In the city, queues mounted up as stores enforced social distancing rules, while thousands of others continued to be forced together on subway and bus services being run to ferry essential workers to their jobs. 

The virus has disproportionately hit poorer Americans, with data from Chicago demonstrating how black Americans are accounting for half of all coronavirus cases and more than 70 per cent of deaths in the city, despite them making up 30 per cent of the population. 

Wealthy Americans are reportedly getting tested more too – with data from Philadelphia showing that people living in higher-income neighborhoods have been tested six times more frequently than those in lower income areas.   

And while the maximum fine for breaking social distancing rules was raised from $500 to $1,000 yesterday by Governor Andrew Cuomo, some who can afford it flocked to the beach to enjoy the good weather instead. 

The Hamptons were packed full of sunbathers hoping to put virus worries to one side by delighting in what the weather had to offer.  

Hundreds of rich New Yorkers were pictured enjoying the sea and the sun in the Hamptons as the coronavirus outbreak forced poorer city residents to queue for food and pack onto Subway services

The sun-seekers enjoyed beach ball games, bikini outings in the sea, leisurely bike rides and plenty of sunbathing, even as New York continues to be savaged by COVID-19, with more than 130,000 cases and nearly 5,000 deaths

But despite the fun, Suffolk County, the home of the Hamptons, has also been hit hard by coronavirus, with 15,049 confirmed cases and 199 deaths so far.      

The region only has 3,215 hospital beds, with 710 set aside for patients who need intensive care. And as of yesterday, 1,463 patients had been hospitalised, with 546 people occupying ICU beds. 

And the more people intermingle on the beach, the greater the chance that the virus will be spread further.  

Back in NYC, the contrast could not be more stark. Last Friday, shocking pictures emerged showing how the city’s transport system is still overcrowded.

Dozens of people were pictured crammed into the carriage of a No.2 train travelling during rush hour at around 6pm.


Stark contrast: New York City’s residents have also had to queue for food as stores enforce social distancing rules, while Hamptons vacationers played in the sand


How the other half live: Shoppers lined up for groceries in NYC last week amid the threat of coronavirus, but that has not stopped wealthier New Yorkers from enjoying the Hamptons  

In the city, queues mounted up as stores enforced social distancing rules, while thousands of others continued to be forced together on subway and bus services being run to ferry essential workers to their jobs

The city’s transport system continues to be overcrowded with key workers because authorities are running reduced services. Pictured: A picture of a crowded subway train taken on April 3

Shocking pictures show how the city’s transport system is still overcrowded, even as richer New Yorkers enjoy the beach

Even as New Yorkers are ordered to stay in their homes for all but essential outings, the city’s essential workers still need to use public transport to get to and from work. Pictured: Residents wait for buses in the rain on Friday


Different priorities: People wait in line to enter a check cashing store in the Melrose section of the Bronx on Friday. But on Monday, a Hamptons resident had only the beach to worry about

Some of the passengers in the picture wore masks but all were unable to avoid close contact with those around them, despite official advice telling people to keep at least six feet apart from one another. 

The Metropolitan Transport Authority (MTA) is operating on an ‘Essential Service’ plan to shuttle essential employees including healthcare workers and first responders to their jobs. 

But other similar pictures showed that people are still being forced together on the reduced services. 

Hundreds in NYC have also had to queue for food, with shoppers being seen wearing masks as they wait in long lines to buy groceries. 

Elsewhere, inequalities are also being highlighted by coronavirus. In Chicago, more than half of the people who died from the virus have been African Americans. 

As of Sunday, 1,824 out of the 4,680 confirmed cases in Chicago were black residents, city officials said. 

But despite the fun, Suffolk County, the home of the Hamptons, has also been hit hard by coronavirus, with 15,049 confirmed cases and 199 deaths so far


Bikini-clad women enjoyed the waves on the beach in the Hamptons on Monday, but New York City’s residents had more pressing priorities and had to wear makeshift protective gear just to go food shopping


Nice day for a cycle: In the Hamptons, residents enjoyed a bike ride as they put coronavirus fears to one side. But NYC residents were forced to queue to buy groceries 


Different perspectives: The lives of NYC residents are a world away from those of wealthier Americans who have been enjoying the good weather in the Hamptons. Pictured left: People queue to enter a bank on Friday, while a father and daughter take a picture on the beach on Monday

This compared with 847 white, 478 Hispanic and 126 Asian Chicagoans. 

Shockingly, 72 per cent of the 98 deaths have been of black residents.   

And in Philadelphia, people living in higher-income neighborhoods have been tested six times more frequently than in lower income areas, according to the Inquirer. 

Epidemiologist Usama Bilal, of Drexel University, is reported to have made the discovery using data from Philadelphia’s public health department.

Despite the fun, Suffolk County, the home of the Hamptons, has also been hit hard by coronavirus, with 15,049 confirmed cases and 199 deaths so far

The region only has 3,215 hospital beds, with 710 set aside for patients who need intensive care

‘What it shows is social inequality,’ Bilal said. ‘This needs to change.’

‘These numbers are deeply disturbing, but not surprising,’ Judith Levine, director of the Public Policy Lab at Temple University, told the Inquirer. 

‘It’s hard for anyone to get a test. You need positive symptoms. But even though insurance isn’t needed, people with health insurance likely have a relationship with a primary physician they can talk to, who knows where the tests are, and can cut through the red tape for you to get the test.

‘That gives higher-income people more access to testing.’

Other popular resort towns, which ordinarily rely on tourists to keep their economy going, are now asking non-residents to keep away. 

And as of yesterday, 1,463 patients had been hospitalised, with 546 people occupying ICU beds. And the more people intermingle on the beach, the greater the chance that the virus will be spread further

People seeking the sun have not been put off by the threat posed by coronavirus, which has claimed more than 11,000 lives in the US

This map shows where New York City’s wealthy and elite have fled to across the Eastern seaboard, taking cover in Cape Cod, The Hamptons and Hudson Valley. However, these small towns are now grappling with COVID-19 outbreaks

Keen surfer: A young woman showed her skills on the surfboard as she took the waves in the Hamptons, while NYC’s poorer residents were forced to queue for food

Beach walk: Whilst New Yorkers are forced to pack on to Subway trains to get to work, people in the Hamptons came out to enjoy the sunshine and practice their golf swing, go swimming, go surfing or just take the kids for a play date

Yesterday, more than 12,000 residents of Cape Cod, Massachusetts, signed a petition calling on authorities to turn away visitors and homeowners who are not residents. 

The petitioners demanded the closure of the two bridges which are the only roads in to the summer vacation hot spot. 

The petition, started by resident Beth Hickman,  reads: ‘Stop the spread of Covid-19. Close the bridges. Only year round residents, medical personnel. Trucks that deliver essential supplies. 

‘While we love our tourists and summer residents, this is not the time to come to the Cape, our hospital can’t handle it. We only have 2 small hospitals here on Cape, and limited medical staff.’

At the time of publication, the petition had over 12,500 out of 15,000 signatures.

Back in the Hamptons, the exodus of the Big Apple’s residents has caused some town populations to burgeon rentals to skyrocket .

Prices for homes in the Hamptons have increased as a result of the spike in demand, going from $5,000 per month to more than $30,000 for just over two weeks.   

The popular vacation suburb of Southampton has already seen its population swell from 60,000 to over 100,000 over the past few weeks and rentals that usually go for around $5,000 surge to $30,000 for two weeks.    

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Antibody test for coronavirus is ‘still a month away from public use’ – The Sun

AN effective antibody test for coronavirus will take “at least a month” to develop for public use, a top scientist has admitted.

The UK Government have already ordered 17.5million kits from nine different makers in the hope they would work.

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Officials have suggested the Covid-19 checks – which reveal if people have been infected and are now resistant – would be rolled out this month.

Brits testing positive could then “confidently go back to work”, helping bring an end to the UK’s strict lockdown restrictions.

However, Professor Sir John Bell, who is leading the Oxford team evaluating them, says none of the checks are up to scratch.

And warned a working test will not be available until May at the earliest.

Boris Johnson hailed the checks as a potential “game-changer” in mid-March and said they were fast "coming down the track".

And officials from Public Health England last month suggested it was “days away”.

However Prof Bell, who is charge of evaluating them, said none have proven accurate enough for mass public testing.

He said Brit scientists are now working with makers to improve their reliability.

But Prof Bell, Covid Scientific Advisory Panel and Regius Professor of Medicine at Oxford University, said: “This will take at least a month.”

He added: “Multiple tests have been provided for evaluation…Sadly, the tests we have looked at to date have not performed well.

“None of the tests we have validated would meet the criteria for a good test. This is not a good result for test suppliers or for us.”

'Not a good result'

Prof Bell said "large-scale testing" is "crucial for getting us back to our normal lives in the coming months".

In a blog post, Prof Bell wrote: “One strand of the government strategy has been to use home testing kits to allow people to test and see whether they have long-term immunity and hence can confidently go back to work. Creating home test kits is, however, not easy.”

While some tests have proved 95 per cent accurate in patients who have been very ill, they were less accurate on patients who had recovered from milder symptoms.

Prof Bell said other nations were having similar problems, with Spain sending tests back because they don’t work.

He added: “We are not the only ones who are having difficulty identifying commercial tests that work in a home test kit format.

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"The Spanish apparently returned test kits that were not working, and the Germans, who are developing their own sensitive kits, believe they are three months away from getting these available and validated."

Downing Street said it will seek refunds from companies that cannot improve the failed antibody tests ordered by the Government.

The PM's official spokesman said: “No test so far has proved to be good enough to use.

“We continue to work with the testing companies, we're in a constant dialogue with them and we give feedback to them when their products fail to meet the required standards.”

England's top doctor also said effective antibody testing could now be months away.

I am very confident we will develop antibody tests

Speaking at a Downing Street briefing, Prof Chris Whitty said: "I am very confident we will develop antibody tests, whether they be lab-based or dipstick-based over the next period. I'm very confident of that.

"The fact that we have not, in our first pass, in the first things that people produced, got ones which are highly effective is not particularly surprising to anybody who understands how tests are developed.

"I would expect those to continue to improve potentially on the dipstick-side and definitely on the lab-side which would be available in due course through the NHS over time."

The Chief Medical Officer said the tests – which show whether someone has had the bug and is now immune – will be more effective "later in the epidemic".

He said: "At this point in time we would expect quite a small proportion of the population has probably got antibodies."

Professor Newton, of Public Health England, who was appointed to oversee testing last week, revealed the antibody tests bought from China were only able to identify immunity accurately in people who had been severely ill.

said: "The test developed in China was validated against patients who were severely ill with a very large viral load, generating a large amount of antibodies…

"Whereas we want to use the test in the context of a wider range of levels of infection including people who are quite mildly infected.

"So for our purposes, we need a test that performs better than some of these other tests."

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Despite this, government scientists are hoping to work with companies to improve the performance of the antibody tests they currently have – and Prof Newton said he was "optimistic" one of the antibody tests would come good in the coming months.

On Friday, Health Secretary Matt Hancock admitted himself the Government still doesn't have a reliable antibody kit it can use – despite promising to ramp up testing by the end of the month.

He said that several of the antibody kits had failed accuracy tests – with three in four positive results being missed.

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How Interstates tore through the heart of America's cities

How Interstates tore through the heart of America’s cities: Aerial photos taken from 1951 show how the interstate system transformed forever the urban landscape of six cities

  • Freeways displaced thousands living in the center of America’s cities, a stunning picture gallery reveals
  • Roads were constructed in $521 billion project ordered by Dwight Eisenhower to connect the country
  • Cincinnati, in Ohio, Rochester, in Rhode Island, and Oakland, in central California, all saw construction work 

The heart of American cities was cut open by Interstate roads built in a $521 billion project to connect the country, a stunning picture gallery has revealed. 

Thousands were displaced as the roads cut through cities including Cincinnati, Rochester and Oakland from 1951, leading to protests and possibly fueling the civil rights movement and formation of the Black Panther Party.

Dwight Eisenhower ordered the construction of the 46,876 miles of road in the 34-year initiative in a project that saw many drawn away from America’s center to its coastal edges. 

Professor Nathaniel Baum-Snow, from the University of Toronto, told the Visual Capitalist that the roads led to the decline of central cities population by 17 per cent at a time when metropolitan areas were growing by 72 per cent. By 1990, upon completion of the roads, less than a third of all jobs were located in the centre.

He suggests that if the roads had never been built central cities would have grown by 8 per cent. 

The gallery of aerial photos showing a birds-eye view of how cities have changed since the 1930s was put together by the Institute for Quality Communities. 

Rochester: 1951 to 2014

The city’s downtown was surrounded by a ring-road as construction got underway in the 1950s, with the ability to carry up to 10,000 cars a day on its Eastern side.

The New York region city, on the southern shore of Lake Ontario, was turned into one of America’s first boomtowns by the construction, as people were able to travel there from across the country.  

The highway wasn’t popular however and, in 2017, authorities completed a $22million Inner Loop East Highway Removal Project, which saw up to a mile of the old freeway buried beneath the ground.

The six-acres that were freed up have since being the subject of several planning proposals aiming to enhance the standard of living in the area.


Rochester saw its downtown area surrounded by a freeway in Dwight Eisenhower’s road construction plan

Providence: 1955 to 2013

The beating heart of Downtown Providence was sliced in half by the highway project, as this map clearly shows.

The Rhode Island capital saw hundreds of homes and businesses removed in the construction of the I-95. The southern area was also cleared to make way for a medical campus and parking facility. 

In 2013 Providence launched the $610 million Iway project, which worked to relocate I-195 and I-95 to free up space in the downtown’s jewelry district. Authorities also ordered a signature pedestrian bridge over the river to be built. 


Providence has launched the $610 million Iway project to relocate the I-195 and I-95 freeways running through the city

Detroit: 1951 to 2010

Vast swathes of the Mid-western city were cleared for highway spurs and large-scale redevelopments, leaving its downtown area encircled by highways.

Recently, however, city authorities have taken action to remove a confusing intersection and replace it with the Campus Martius Park, which opened in 2004.

They have also been looking at removing or pedestrianizing the I-395 since 2014, due to the high crash rate, although a decision has not yet been made. 


Detroit has set about transforming its city scape following the completion of its freeway roads connecting it to the country

Cincinnati: 1955 to 2013

The city’s dense urban neighborhoods were completely destroyed in the west and downtown areas in order to make way for the giant Interstate highways.

The building project also saw the Ohio city’s riverfront completely cut off from the downtown area, Fort Washington Way.

To rectify this, authorities proposed a $91million redevelopment plan in 1996, aiming to remove the highway to create 300 apartments, 76,000 square feet of commercial space and 6,000 parking spaces.

The project did so well it was expanded to a phase two, which included a further 300 apartments and offices totalling 60,000 square feet of commercial space.


Cincinnati, in Ohio, saw the clearance of hundreds of homes to make way for the city’s freeways

Miami: 1961 to 2014

The Florida capital saw a boom thanks to the highways, as people flocked to the coastal areas. Its center was not left immune to the highways, however, as one was cut right through the middle cutting off its coastal and central areas.

A bridge was also constructed linking the city by road to a nearby island

The Institute says the roads led to the construction of 83 tower blocks and 23,000 condos in the city prior to the housing crash. 


Miami benefited from the construction of the freeways and saw people flock to the city along with further construction work

Oakland: 1946 to 2014

This central Californian city saw its downtown neighborhoods cut apart by the I-980 and Nimitz Freeway when they were constructed, displacing many in the Latino and African-American communities.

The social disturbance caused by the highways may have led to the city’s position at the heart of the Black Panther Party, which patrolled African-American areas to protect residents from the police before developing Marxist ideological undertones.

Opposition locally to the protect was so strong that developers initially abandoned construction in 1971, only to return to complete it a decade later. 


Hundreds of homes were cleared in Oakland for its freeway, which may have contributed to the formation of the Black Panther Party

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Moment hero NHS workers applaud granddad, 84, after beating coronavirus as he’s reunited with granddaughter – The Sun

THIS is the spine-tingling moment hero NHS frontline workers applaud an 84-year-old man as he leaves hospital after beating coronavirus.

The grandfather had been in hospital in the north-west of England for two weeks after contracting the deadly bug.

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But despite medics fearing for his life, he has now been discharged after recovering.

His granddaughter filmed video of the moment he prepared to leave hospital.

The man, who was in a wheelchair and had a mask over his mouth and nose, waved cheerfully at nurses who lined the corridor to applaud him.

Posting the video online, his granddaughter said: "Both my grandparents were ill.

"We all thought it was just the after-flight flu as they had just come back from Jamaica.

"But my granddad then became worse and we found out he tested positive for coronavirus.

"It was a hard two weeks as he then ended up having pneumonia and the doctors said he was 'deteriorating' and for 24 hours he was 'critical', but God!

"My granddad is 84 years old and has beaten the coronavirus!"

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Yesterday, Sun Online shared the story of Hylton Murray-Philipson, who was given a guard of honour by doctors and nurses as he left Leicester Royal Infirmary.

He had been battling Covid-19 at the hospital for 12 days – but was finally discharged the day before his 61st birthday.

He revealed he was "grateful to be alive" thanks to the caring medics who helped save his life, telling the Leicester Mercury: "When you have battled for every breath, everything just feels incredible, a real privilege.

"I feel like I’ve been reborn."

Medics have begged Brits to listen to the government's order to stay at home.

One exasperated ICU nurse posted a tearful request to urge all Brits to keep inside and support the NHS as the coronavirus pandemic brings staff to their knees.

Shirley Watts, an operating theatre nurse at Basildon University Hospital in Essex, said she wanted people "to see the reality of what's going on" describing the situation as "desperate" and short staffed.

Yesterday, harrowing footage showing coronavirus victims dying at a London hospital was shared.

Doctors are seen describing the "unimaginable" situation developing and warning they would be unable to cope with a significant spike in demand.

The number of coronavirus cases in the UK currently stands at more than 51,000 and is expected to rise in the coming weeks.

And a Manchester-based doctor, who asked to be named as Dr Al, has revealed he is yet to get a coronavirus patient off a ventilator alive.

He said not all patients are offered ventilators at the hospital where he works – because just 14 per cent of people will survive.




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Hasidic Jews hold another funeral in Brooklyn despite coronavirus pandemic

Hundreds of Hasidic Jews once again defied social distancing orders amid the coronavirus pandemic, taking over a Brooklyn street to hold a funeral for a local rabbi.

The massive funeral, reportedly for Rabbi Tzvi Hirsh Meislish, was held Sunday night on Hewes Street near Marcy Avenue in Williamsburg.

The rabbi died of COVID-19 at the age of 80, The Yeshiva World reported.

Photos and online videos show hundreds of members of the Jewish community crowding on stoops, sidewalks and on the street.

The funeral sparked a massive police response by officers who tried to break up the crowds by using sirens and blaring social distancing messages from PA systems on cop cars, but no citations were issued and no arrests were made, the NYPD said Monday.

“The NYPD needs all New Yorkers to cooperate with the ban on social gatherings in order to stop the spread of the COVID-19 virus,” a police spokesperson said.

“It is important to note that the vast majority are following all guidelines. The NYPD will continue to enforce social distancing and any large gathering — including services — put both members of the public and officers at risk. These gatherings must cease immediately,” the spokesperson added.

There were at least two other funerals held by Hasidic Jews on the streets of Brooklyn Sunday, including one for a faith leader who reportedly died of coronavirus.

One funeral procession took place near 55th Street and 12th Avenue in Borough Park for 78-year-old Rabbi Meir Rokeach, and the other outdoor funeral procession happened about a mile away, near 44th Street and 16th Avenue.

In both cases police responded and asked the congregations to disperse.

There were no arrests or citations issued in either incident, cops said.

The funerals were held days after another Hasidic Jewish funeral brought throngs of members of the community to Avenue N near East 9th Street in Midwood.

Amid the coronavirus outbreak, Gov. Andrew Cuomo has banned crowds of 50 of more and President Trump has said Americans should avoid events with more than 10 people.

State and city officials have repeatedly called for New Yorkers to maintain a distance of at least six feet while out in public.

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