Prince Carl Philip of Sweden dons military uniform

Prince Carl Philip of Sweden dons his naval uniform to mark the country’s Veterans Day by laying a wreath at Stockholm’s Maritime Museum

  • Prince Carl Philip of Sweden donned his military regalia today for Veterans Day
  • Fourth-in-line, 41,  wore a white hat and double breasted navy jacket to salute
  • Father-of-two looked sombre as saluted the flag before laying a wreath 

Prince Carl Philip of Sweden donned his naval regalia today to pay tribute to the country’s war dead.

The royal, 41, a former Major in the Swedish Navy wore a white hat and double breasted navy jacket for the country’s yearly ceremony in Stockholm.

The father-of-two looked sombre as saluted in front of the flag before laying down a wreath in front of the Maritime Museum. 

Prince Carl Philip of Sweden donned his military regalia today to pay tribute to the country’s dead

The father-of-two looked sombre as saluted in front of the flag before laying down a wreath in front of the Maritime Museum

Known as Sweden’s real-life Prince Charming, Carl-Philip broke the hearts of royal-watchers across the globe when he announced his engagement to former glamour model and reality TV star Sofia Hellqvist in 2014, four years after news of their relationship first hit headlines.

The couple welcomed their first son, Prince Alexander, in April 2016 and another little boy, Prince Gabriel, arrived in August the following year.

The prince is the only son of the King and Queen of Sweden and is fourth-in-line to the throne.

In 1980 a law was passed which gave his older sister Victoria precedence in the line of succession. 

The royal, 41, a former Major in the Swedish Navy wore a white hat and double breasted navy jacket for the country’s yearly ceremony in Stockholm

Supreme Commander, general Micael Bydén and Prince Carl Philip at Sweden’s Veterans Day at the Maritime History Museum in Stockholm

The day is particularly sombre this year amid the Covid-19 pandemic.

Sweden has registered more than 4,000 coronavirus deaths after shunning lockdown in favour of more relaxed social distancing.

The country reported a total of 33,843 cases on Monday and 4,029 deaths, with a death rate that now stands at 399 per million inhabitants.

Known as Sweden’s real-life Prince Charming, Carl-Philip broke the hearts of royal-watchers across the globe when he announced his engagement to former glamour model and reality TV star Sofia Hellqvist in 2014

Carl-Phillip, who was a Major in the Swedish army, lays a reef to fallen soldiers 

But the royals have been chipping in to the fight against the disease, with Carl-Philip’s wife, Princess Sofia scrubbing up to work in a hospital. 

The royal, 35 took a three-day medical course at Sophiahemmet University College in Stockholm, where she is an honorary chair member.  

The university is training up to 80 people a week to help lift the heavy burden placed on doctors and medical workers in the country, according to local media reports. 

Carl-Phillip welcomes his first son, Prince Alexander, in April 2016 and another little boy, Prince Gabriel, arrived in August the following year

Pictured: Sverker Goranson, chairman of the Swedish Veterans Association, Andreas Norlen, Speaker of the Parliament, Prince Carl Philip, General Micael Bydén and Peter Hultqvist, Minister for Defence at Sweden’s Veterans Day at the Maritime History Museum in Stockholm

The fourth-in-line stands in front of the Swedish flag at Veterans Day in Stockholm 

Princess Sofia of Sweden working in hospital to help the country’s fight against coronavirus

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Twitter says CEO Jack Dorsey knew in advance of decision to tag Trump tweet

Twitter hides Trump Minneapolis tweet

The Hill media reporter Joe Concha provides insight into the ongoing feud between Twitter and President Trump.

Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey was informed in advance by the company’s staff of a decision to tag a tweet by President Donald Trump as “glorifying violence”, a spokeswoman for the company said.

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“The decision was made jointly by teams within Twitter, and our CEO Jack Dorsey was informed of the plan before the Tweet was labelled,” the spokeswoman said in an email.


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England’s uncapped 14: Dan Lawrence, Amar Virdi, Ollie Robinson hoping for action this summer

England are edging closer to a return to competitive cricket and have named a 55-man training group as they build up to scheduled summer games against West Indies, Ireland, Pakistan and Australia.

  • England name large training group
  • Hussain: Hales deserves another chance

Among the big names and those who pressed their long-term claims in New Zealand and South Africa over the winter are a whopping 14 uncapped players – six seamers, six batsmen, a wicketkeeper and a spinner.

So, who are they – and why are England interested? Here is a brief guide…



Quicker and more aggressive than his twin brother Craig – who has played four Tests and a solitary one-day international for England – Jamie bagged 28 wickets in eight County Championship games for runners-up Somerset in Division One last term as well as six in two matches while on loan at Northamptonshire in Division Two. Jamie’s career has been affected by injury but his express pace means he remains on the radar as England look ahead to the next Ashes tour down under in 2021-22.


Robinson’s stats over the last two campaigns, albeit in Division Two, have been remarkable – 74 wickets at 18.66 in 2018 and 63 at 16.44 in 2019, taking his overall first-class record to 236 wickets in 56 games at 22.33. He also picked up seven wickets in the match this winter as England Lions secured a first win over Australia A. Consistent, accurate and skilful, Robinson has also added pace, according to Chris Jordan, who says his Sussex team-mate “is 100 per cent a potential England cricketer.”


One of the names you may be least familiar with. South Africa-born but starring in the north east after overcoming injury problems, Carse snared 35 scalps at 26.85 in County Championship Division Two in 2019, including three five-wicket hauls and a best of 6-26 against Middlesex, while he also picked up 10 victims in the One-Day Cup. Like Robinson, he impressed in the unofficial Test win over Australia A, taking 3-50 in the first innings. “I always like to bring that x-factor to any side,” Carse recently told The Cricketer.

HENRY BROOKES (Warwickshire)

The 20-year-old is certainly quick, with the ability to top 90mph, but he is also raw with only 44 games to his name across red and white-ball cricket. Brookes picked up 21 first-class wickets in just five games in 2018 before a stress fracture of the back truncated his season and he was slightly less effective last term with 32 scalps in 11 games at an average in the forties. However, he did impress with 13 wickets in the Vitality Blast.

TOM HELM (Middlesex)

Touted as an outsider for a place on England’s previous Ashes tour in 2017-18 by Sky Sports expert Michael Atherton, Helm has snared 78 wickets in his 29 first-class games with his smooth, repeatable action. The seamer only made seven Championship appearances for his county in 2019 but still managed to take 24 wickets including two five-fors, while he picked up 34 scalps in white-ball cricket, including 19 in the One-Day Cup, a tally only trumped by five bowlers. At 26, he could be coming into his prime.


At 32, Gleeson is the senior man among England’s uncapped 14. The seamer, who transferred from Northamptonshire to home county Lancashire in 2018, was a late starter in county cricket, only making his first-class debut in 2015 at the age of 27. Gleeson’s first-class stats are stellar, though, with 140 wickets at 21 in 33 games, including 47 last year as Lancashire earned promotion. His white-ball skills have also seen him enjoy stints in the Big Bash and Bangladesh Premier League.



Spinner Virdi will become just the third Sikh to play for England – after Monty Panesar and Ravi Bopara – if he steps up to the international stage, something he has long been expected to do. The 21-year-old off-spinner took 39 wickets in the 2018 County Championship to help Surrey win the title and, after missing the first nine games in 2019 as his fitness dropped below a level his county deemed satisfactory, Virdi returned in style with match figures of 14-139 against Nottinghamshire at Trent Bridge.



After helping Essex complete a County Championship-Vitality Blast double in 2019, Lawrence was in electric form for the Lions over the winter, scoring two hundreds and a fifty in the three red-ball games down under and averaging a lick under 100 across all formats. Eyes have been on Lawrence since he scored a Championship century at the age of 17 – the third youngest man to do so – against Surrey in 2015 and he has now scored over 3,800 runs in 70 first-class games, including 10 tons and 17 fifties.

  • The Next Big Thing: Dan Lawrence

PHIL SALT (Sussex)

With Alex Hales still in England exile, Salt has been given a chance to press for white-ball honours. The right-hander – drafted into the England squad for the one-off T20 against Pakistan last summer before missing out on the final XI – has become a consistent T20 performer and not just for Sussex, for whom he has passed 350 runs in each of the previous two Blast seasons at strike rates of 172 and 161 respectively. Salt also tonked four Big Bash fifties for Adelaide Strikers this winter, having been snapped for £100k in the inaugural Hundred Draft by Manchester Originals.

The Next Big Thing: Phil Salt

SAM HAIN (Warwickshire)

Born in Hong Kong and raised primarily in Australia, Hain now calls Edgbaston home. The 24-year-old averages 59.78 in 58 games in List A cricket, the highest of anyone ever to play more than 50 matches. The great Virat Kohli averages 57.86, albeit from a far greater sample size of 282 games! Hain’s white-ball acumen was evident in the first fixture of England Lions’ Australia tour this winter when he struck an unbeaten 122 against Cricket Australia from the No 3 position, while he averaged over 50 for Warwickshire in red-ball cricket last term and over 41 in T20s.


The former Surrey and Warwickshire batsman, 32, is a regular run-scorer in white-ball cricket for the Hove outfit and hit a tournament-leading 614 in the 2018 Vitality Blast as Sussex made the final. T20 franchises soon came calling with Evans since playing in the BPL, PSL and CPL, ending his 2019 stint in the latter for St Kitts and Nevis Patriots with a half-century. He also struck 94 for the Lions in the game in which Hain hammered his 122 not out.


Jacks hit the headlines in March 2019 when he tonked a 25-ball century in a pre-season T10 affair against Lancashire, including six sixes in an over of spinner Stephen Parry. Sounds like he will fit right in with England’s attacking batting philosophy in white-ball cricket! Jacks, who also bowls useful off-spin, averaged in the twenties across formats in a timid 2019 season, though the 21-year-old did register his maiden first-class century against Kent at Beckenham, a season after nailing a first List A hundred.


Kohler-Cadmore was charged by the ECB last year for bringing the game into disrepute following sordid messages on a WhatsApp group but has since let his cricket do the talking. The powerful batsman topped 1,000 runs for Yorkshire in first-class cricket in 2019, with his three tons including a superb 165 not out 175 balls against Warwickshire. He also averaged over 60 in the Vitality Blast with five fifty-plus scores in 10 innings, and over 40 in the One-Day Cup, although he had a fairly quiet winter with the Lions.

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Climate change warning: UK could be transformed by global warming – study

The UK will see an increase in vegetation in parts and a decline in others in the wake of climate change, according to research. The research from the University of Exeter found that even “smooth” climate shifts could change Britain.

Warmer and wetter weather conditions, as well as more CO2 in the atmosphere, could lead to more greenery in certain parts of the country.

In other parts, the heat could dry out the soil, reducing plant productivity and decreasing vegetation rapidly.

Dr Chris Boulton, of the Global Systems Institute at the University of Exeter, said: “The general expected trend towards warmer, wetter weather is likely to cause an overall increase in vegetation in temperate places like Great Britain.

“However, we wanted to find out whether even ‘smooth’ climate change might lead to abrupt shifts in vegetation. A lot of research has focused on ‘tipping points’ in large systems like rainforests and oceans.

“Our study doesn’t predict abrupt shifts across the whole of Great Britain — 0.5-1.5 percent of the land area depending on the climate scenario — but it shows numerous shifts can happen on a localized level.

“We also find early warning signals before some of the abrupt shifts. This is good news as it shows the potential for being able to predict them in the real world.”

Previous research has found that climate change could cause the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) to collapse, leading to farming devastation in the UK.

If it does, Britain’s crop farming industry, which brings in £9.9billion per year, could be significantly damaged, a study has revealed.

The AMOC carries heat from the Gulf of Mexico, partially contributing to the heat of northern Europe’s climate.

Climate change is taking its toll on the current, with the melting ice of Greenland and excessive rainfall over the Atlantic playing a major part in the weakening of the stream.

This is because as more water enters the ocean from the north, it could block off the current or even reverse it entirely.

The ice covering Greenland is up to three kilometres thick in certain places, covering an area seven times the amount of the UK.

In other words, that is a staggering amount of new water which would play a major part in blocking the current.

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If it does, it could prevent heat getting to the UK, leading to a temperature reduction of 3.4 degrees Celsius, a study from the University of Exeter found.

Without that heat, the agricultural industry in Britain would be significantly damaged.

Dr Paul Ritchie, of the University of Exeter, said: “If the AMOC collapsed, we would expect to see much more dramatic change than is currently expected due to climate change.

“Such a collapse would reverse the effects of warming in Britain, creating an average temperature drop of 3.4C and leading to a substantial reduction in rainfall (−123mm during the growing season).”

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Mike Tyson ‘has something big lined up and fire in stomach again’ at 53 with boxing return nearing, reveals Dana White – The Sun

MIKE TYSON has something "big" lined up ahead of his boxing comeback, revealed Dana White.

The 53-year-old has been bombarded with offers as he prepares to step back into the ring – 15 years after his retirement.

Heavyweight boxing champion Tyson Fury claimed he has an accepted an offer to fight the American veteran.

There has also been a lot of talk surrounding a trilogy fight between Tyson and old rival Evander Holyfield.

Tyson has been knuckling down in the gym since he announced his plans to take part in exhibition bouts for charity.

White was among the long-list of stars that begged close pal Tyson not to make a comeback at the age of 53.

But the UFC chief has now changed his mind – and is now backing him to be a huge hit when he makes his return.

Speaking to ESPN, White said: "Originally, I came and out and said, 'Listen, I'd like Mike not to fight'.

"I even got Mike a TV show, to try and keep him from fighting.

"But Mike Tyson is a grown man, he can do whatever.

"The guy is powerful, looks explosive and has got himself in great shape.

"From what I'm hearing from them,  they have something lined up, something big. He's going to get in there."

Tyson, who became the youngest heavyweight champion in history at the age of 20, told White that he has the "fire" back in his stomach.

White added: "We talked about it and he said, 'Listen, I feel that fire in my stomach. I want to get in there and mix it up again'.

"I'm fully supportive of him."

A date has not been agreed for Tyson's bout, but White admitted he will be in attendance whenever it takes place.

He said: "I'll be at this one, I will absolutely go.

"I don't care if there's no crowd allowed. I'll figure out how to get into that one."

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Russia to build its own space station after ISS shuts down

Going it alone: Russia plans to build its own space station when the ISS reaches the end of its life in a bid to reach the Moon and Mars

  • Russia plans to construct its own orbiting space station after the ISS ends its life
  • It will use the station to build and fuel spacecraft heading for the Moon and Mars 
  • Roscosmos also plans to build a winged reusable spacecraft to build the station 

Russia aims to build its own orbiting space base when the International Space Station (ISS) is no longer serviceable – to launch missions to the Moon and Mars.  

The ISS has been under constant occupation by astronauts since November 2000 but due to structural fatigue needs to be decommissioned by 2030. 

After this Roscosmos plans to take the modules it built for the ISS and use them as the base parts of its new orbiting space station – which will take a decade to build. 

The Russian agency says the aim would be to use the new space station as a place to assemble and refuel spacecraft before launching them further into the solar system. 

The ISS has been under constant occupation by astronauts since November 2000 but due to structural fatigue needs to be decommissioned by 2030

Dmitry Rogozin, head of Roscosmos, said the platform was ‘for exploring far-out space’ and would include flights to Mars, the Moon and asteroids.  

‘We’re going to put together spacecraft in orbit for flights to Mars, the moon, and to asteroids, because it’s very difficult and challenging to bring such an entire construction up from Earth,’ Rogozin said. 

He saw Russia was open to the idea of working with other countries on their new space station – which would double as a refuelling station and assembly point.

Russia plans to send a crewed mission to the Moon by 2028 – four years after the US Artemis mission will put the first woman and next man on the lunar surface.

Moscow also hopes to send cosmonauts to Mars using its Angara heavy lift rockets – currently under development – but hasn’t set a date.

The announcement of the new Russian space station comes as NASA moves a step closer to ending its reliance on Roscosmos rockets to send astronauts to the ISS. 

Since NASA ended the Space Shuttle programme in 2011 Russia has been the only country able to take astronauts to and from the ISS – using its Soyuz rockets.

After the ISS ends its life Roscosmos plans to take the modules it built for the station and use them as the base parts of its new orbiting space station – which will take a decade to build

NASA has paid Roscosmos to take its astronauts to the space station since 2011 but the long-standing relationship is expected to end soon thanks to SpaceX.

Elon Musk’s space firm is expected to launch two NASA astronauts from US soil for the first time since 2011 this weekend on top of its Falcon 9 rocket. 

This move may be part of the reason behind Russia’s drive to expand its space programme further into the solar system. 

Rogozin says the country should start work preparing for its own space station as soon as possible due to the fact it will take a decade to build. 

‘As a country that has always been a leader in the creation of orbital stations, Russia should immediately begin work on creating a new one,’ he told Radio Komsomolskaya Pravda in an interview on the countries space plans.

The country hasn’t said whether the space station would be occupied like the ISS or fully automated to assemble and refuel spacecraft.

Rogozin also said Roscosmos is ‘considering the possibility of creating a winged manned spacecraft for flights to orbital stations,’ to help build the new station.

The ISS – an international orbital laboratory involving the US, European Space Agency, Roscosmos, Jaxa and others – required 42 assembly flights.

Of the assembly flights 37 were on the US Space Shuttle and five were on the Russian Proton/Soyuz rockets. 

In a wide ranging interview, Rogozin took aim at White House plans to introduce Artemis accords – the regulate mining on the Moon.

NASA has paid Roscosmos to take its astronauts to the space station since 2011 but the long-standing relationship is expected to end soon thanks to SpaceX

He said Russia ‘will not allow the privatisation of the Moon by anyone’ and said he would not participate in the lunar race.

The Artemis accords would only apply to nations that sign up to adhere to them.

They would protect mining rights of companies, protect heritage sites on the Moon and require signatories to help other nations astronauts if they are in distress.

In the same interview Rogozin also took aim at Elon Musk and SpaceX.

He said Musk’s idea of sending nuclear weapons to Mars to warm the atmosphere and make it more suitable for human life was a cover for the US to deploy nuclear weapons in space.

Rogozin raged at Musk’s ‘abhorrent’ idea and called it a front for military ambitions.

In the same interview Rogozin also took aim at Elon Musk and SpaceX. He said Musk’s idea of sending nuclear weapons to Mars to warm the atmosphere and make it more suitable for human life was a cover for the US to deploy nuclear weapons in space

‘We understand that one thing stands behind all this demagogy: this is a cover for deployment of nuclear weapons in space,’ he said. 

Rogozin is not the first Russian official to take issue with Musk’s idea, after his fellow Roscomos official Alexander Bloshenko said earlier this month that it would take more than 10,000 nuclear warheads to carry out the plan. 

Russia isn’t the only space agency looking to expand its presence in orbit – the Chinese space agency plans to begin construction of a small station next year.

The Chinese large modular space station is a planned crewed station for low earth orbit – it will be about a fifth the mass of the ISS.

NASA is also planning a new space station – but this time in orbit around the Moon – called the Lunar Gateway, it will help astronauts explore the Moon. 

No specific details have been announced by the US or ESA for plans for a replacement for the ISS.


The International Space Station (ISS) is a $100 billion (£80 billion) science and engineering laboratory that orbits 250 miles (400 km) above Earth.

It has been permanently staffed by rotating crews of astronauts and cosmonauts since November 2000. 

Research conducted aboard the ISS often requires one or more of the unusual conditions present in low Earth orbit, such as low-gravity or oxygen.

ISS studies have investigated human research, space medicine, life sciences, physical sciences, astronomy and meteorology.

The US space agency, Nasa, spends about $3 billion (£2.4 billion) a year on the space station program, a level of funding that is endorsed by the Trump administration and Congress.

A U.S. House of Representatives committee that oversees Nasa has begun looking at whether to extend the program beyond 2024.

Alternatively the money could be used to speed up planned human space initiatives to the moon and Mars.

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Taylor Swift fans blast Burger King on Twitter over a joke

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Burger King is trying to make up for some “Bad Blood” between the fast-food chain and Taylor  Swift fans.

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On Wednesday, someone tweeted at Burger King asking what its favorite Taylor Swift song was, Fox News reported.

The chain responded in a now-deleted tweet: “The one about her ex,” Fox reported.

Taylor Swift at the American Music Awards in 2019. (Jordan Strauss/Invision/AP, File)


After that, "Swifties," as the singer’s fans are called, started the hashtag #BurgerKingisOverParty.

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However, the person who started the hashtag intended for it to be a joke, according to Fox.


Some Twitter users appeared to take it seriously, though.


On Thursday, Burger King tried to ease some of the tension with a link to the restaurant’s offers.

“Let’s shake it off,” Burger King posted, making a reference to one of Swift's hit songs. Celebrate "#BurgerKingIsOverParty with the $3 shake + fries deal in the app.”


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Neil Young Plans to Beat the Bootleggers With His Own Series

Neil Young is taking a page from the Bob Dylan playbook by creating his own version of the Bootleg Series. He has yet to roll out exact details, but the plan is to take famous concert bootlegs, track down the actual master recordings and release them himself via his website.

“We have ripped off all of the original art from the bootlegs,” he wrote on the Neil Young Archives. “No expense will be spared. The only difference will be the radically better sound from our masters.”

First up is a solo acoustic show taped February 1st, 1971 at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles. The bootleg label Rubber Dubber, in flagrant violation of U.S. copyright law, released it on vinyl under the name I’m So Happy That Y’all Came Down back in the Seventies. Young plans on bootlegging the bootleggers by using artwork from the original release. Frank Zappa did something very similar with his Beat the Boots! series in the early Nineties.

“We are going full bore with our series right now, so write letters in to me with your favorite bootlegs and we will find them and use the best audio we can locate, either from the NYA vaults or somewhere else,” he wrote. “Watch for this coming soon. We are building it starting today.”

This is one of several archival releases Young is planning at the moment. His long-awaited LP Homegrown, which was recorded and shelved in 1975, is finally coming out June 19th. He’s also prepping a 1990 Crazy Horse club gig, a 2003 stop on the Greendale tour and a collection of late Eighties studio sessions he’s dubbing Road of Plenty.

In recent weeks, he’s shared five homemade Fireside Session acoustic gigs on the Neil Young Archives that are packed with rarities, such as “Through My Sails,” “On The Beach” and “New Mama.” Just don’t expect to see him play in person anytime soon. “May be a couple of years before I feel safe asking people to come and see/hear me,” he recently wrote on the NYA. “That’s just the way it is.”

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Wearing face masks at home may be the best way to stop COVID-19

Wearing face masks at home might help to stop COVID-19 spreading among family members, study shows

  • The Chinese study asked 124 families in Beijing about their health and hygiene 
  • Every family involved in the study had at least one confirmed coronavirus case
  • They say public COVID-19 prevention measures could also be used in the home 
  • This includes washing hands, social distancing, wearing a mask and cleaning 
  • Here’s how to help people impacted by Covid-19

Putting on a face mask when you’re at home could help slow the spread of the deadly coronavirus between members of the same family, a study found.

Researchers from the Beijing Centre for Disease Prevention and Control say this only works to slow the infection rate in family members before symptoms develop.

The study of 124 Chinese families in Beijing found wearing a mask indoors was 79 per cent effective at stopping the spread when compared to not wearing a mask.

This only applies before symptoms emerged in the first person in the household infected by COVID-19 – after symptoms appear a mask doesn’t make a difference.

Putting on a face mask when you’re at home could help slow the spread of the deadly coronavirus between members of the same family, a study found. Stock Image

Household transmission is a major driver in the spread of the virus, researchers say and they believe face masks worn indoors can slow this spread.

They say that precautionary guidelines such as wearing a mask, practicing 6ft social distancing and deep cleaning could be introduced for people at home. 

The World Health Organization (WHO) and Public Health England haven’t endorsed the wearing of face masks indoors or outdoors, on the grounds that there’s little good quality evidence to warrant recommending this. 

However, the government has recommended that the public consider wearing face coverings in enclosed public spaces and evidence has shown they can slow the spread of droplets of breath from sneezes, coughs and even talking.

So far this only applies to shops, trains and buses, but this new research could see that extended to people in their own home if a family member has the virus.

The researchers asked 335 people from 124 families – with at least one laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 case between late February and late March 2020 – about their household hygiene and behaviours during the pandemic.

The researchers analysed what factors might increase or decrease the risk of catching the virus within the incubation period.

That period covers the 14 days from the start of a person’s symptoms.

They found that during this time secondary transmission – spread from the first infected person to other family members – occurred in 41 out of the 124 families.

A total of 77 adults and children were infected in this way, giving an ‘attack rate’ of 23 per cent, the researchers say.

About a third of the children in the study caught the virus compared with more than two-thirds of the adults – adding to evidence children are less likely to catch it.

The researchers asked 335 people from 124 families – with at least one laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 case between late February and late March 2020 – about their household hygiene and behaviours during the pandemic. Stock Image

The study also found that 12 of the children had mild symptoms and one had none.

Some 83 per cent of the adults had mild symptoms and around one in 10 had severe symptoms. Only one person in the study group became critically ill.

Daily use of disinfectants, window opening and keeping at least one metre apart were associated with a lower risk of passing on the virus.

Those findings even applied in more crowded households, the researchers found.

Frequent contact in the household increased the risk of transmission 18 times and diarrhoea in the first patient increased the risk by four times. 

‘Results demonstrate the importance of pre-symptomatic infectiousness of Covid-19 patients and shows that wearing masks after illness onset does not protect.’

A face mask worn before symptoms started was 79 per cent effective, and disinfection 77 per cent effective, at stopping the virus from being passed on.

Study authors say the findings back universal face mask use, not just in public spaces but also while at home – especially if someone in the family has COVID-19.  

The research has been published in the journal BMJ Global Health.


Americans are increasingly being spotted wearing face masks in public amid the coronavirus pandemic, as are people are around the globe.

Soon, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) may advise all Americans to cover their faces when they leave the house, the Washington Post reported.  

The agency is weighing that recommendation after initially telling Americans that they didn’t need to wear masks and that anything other than a high-grade N95 medical mask would do little to prevent infection any way. 


Research on how well various types of masks and face coverings varies but, recently, and in light of the pandemic of COVID-19, experts are increasingly leaning toward the notion that something is better than nothing. 

A University of Oxford study published on March 30 concluded that surgical masks are just as effective at preventing respiratory infections as N95 masks for doctors, nurses and other health care workers. 

It’s too early for their to be reliable data on how well they prevent infection with COVID-19, but the study found the thinner, cheaper masks do work in flu outbreaks. 

The difference between surgical or face masks and N95 masks lies in the size of particles that can – and more importantly, can’t – get though the materials. 

N95 respirators are made of thick, tightly woven and molded material that fits tightly over the face and can stop 95 percent of all airborne particles, while surgical masks are thinner, fit more loosely, and more porous. 

This makes surgical masks much more comfortable to breathe and work in, but less effective at stopping small particles from entering your mouth and nose. 

Droplets of saliva and mucous from coughs and sneezes are very small, and viral particles themselves are particularly tiny – in fact, they’re about 20-times smaller than bacteria. 

For this reason, a JAMA study published this month still contended that people without symptoms should not wear surgical masks, because there is not proof the gear will protect them from infection – although they may keep people who are coughing and sneezing from infecting others. 

But the Oxford analysis of past studies – which has not yet been peer reviewed – found that surgical masks were worth wearing and didn’t provide statistically less protection than N95 for health care workers around flu patients. 

However, any face mask is only as good as other health and hygiene practices. Experts universally agree that there’s simply no replacement for thorough, frequent hand-washing for preventing disease transmission. 

Some think the masks may also help to ‘train’ people not to touch their faces, while others argue that the unfamiliar garment will just make people do it more, actually raising infection risks.  

If the CDC does instruct Americans to wear masks, it could create a second issue: Hospitals already face shortages of masks and other PPE.


So the agency may recommend regular citizens use alternatives like cloth masks or bandanas. 

‘Homemade masks theoretically could offer some protection if the materials and fit were optimized, but this is uncertain,’ Dr Jeffrey Duchin, a Seattle health official told the Washington Post. 

A 2013 study found that next to a surgical mask, a vacuum cleaner bag provided the best material for a homemade mask. 

After a vacuum bag, kitchen towels were fairly protective, but uncomfortable. Masks made of T-shirts were very tolerable, but only worked a third as well as surgical mask. The Cambridge University researchers concluded that homemade masks should only be used ‘as a last resort.’ 

But as the pandemic has spread to more than 164,000 people worldwide, it might be time to consider last resort options.  


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DCPA cancels entire 2020-21 Theatre Company season

Even as a cautious lifting of safer-at-home orders for Colorado businesses has begun, Denver’s performing arts organizations and venues continue to be roiled by coronavirus-triggered aftershocks.

On Thursday, the Denver Center for the Performing Arts announced the cancellation of its Theatre Company’s entire 2020-21 season, which would have run from late August through June 2021. That the trustees of the city’s largest arts employer took this action underscores the near-term uncertainty of organizations dependent on humans gathering in numbers that, for the moment, exceed evolving but still demanding social distancing protocols.

Nine shows in all were cancelled, among them two commissions set to receive world premieres: the Colorado-themed “Rattlesnake Kate,” by composer-lyricist Neyla Pekarek, formerly of The Lumineers; and Beaufield Berry’s family drama “In the Upper Room,” which was workshopped during the Denver Center’s 2018 Colorado New Play Summit. Even the DCPA’s annual holiday go-to, “A Christmas Carol,” has been felled by the coronavirus. Bah humbug, indeed.

The fate of Broadway tours slated to come to Denver for DCPA’s 2020-21 season is currently unknown. Among the shows slated for the Buell in 2020: “1776” and “Ain’t too Proud — the Life and Times of the Temptations.”

Actor’s Equity, the union representing more than 51,000 actors and stage managers in live theater, added thoughtfully to the concerns when it released four core principles “needed to support life and healthy theater production” Tuesday. They are: “The epidemic must be under control; Individuals who may be infectious can be readily identified and isolated; the way we audition, rehearse, perform and stage manage may need to change; and efforts to control COVID-19 exposure must be collaborative.”

Although the hope was the season could be salvaged, Chris Coleman, artistic director for the Theatre Company, will now shift gears to create an online presence for the city’s premiere theater company. He’ll be doing this with a much-reduced staff. The DCPA has trimmed 55% of its staff, and the Theatre Company’s hit has been greater than that. While 36% of the company’s budget comes from ticket sales, the rest is a combination of philanthropy, funds from the Scientific Cultural Facilities District and earned revenue from other programming lines, in particular the Broadway touring division of the Denver Center.

“Hamilton” should have been a harbinger. The Denver Center’s mid-May postponement of the blockbuster musical’s August through October engagement underscores the unique, entwined relationship the Denver Center’s Broadway division and its Theatre Company share. When it works – and it has since the Denver Center’s inception – that relationship helps fund, expand and deepen the organization’s artistic reach. The big Broadway musicals’ revenue helps make possible the Theatre Company’s presentation of commanding and adventurous, classic and new plays.

For this unprecedented moment, that symbiotic relationship has proven tricky. With the cancellation and postponement of 25 shows, two fundraisers, hundreds of education program classes and all event rentals at the Seawell Ballroom, the Denver Center’s fiscal resources have been stressed. The financial hit taken for FY21 is in excess of $10 million.

The creative repercussions of the Denver Center’s fiscal challenges were already being felt before this announcement. When the world premiere of David Byrne and Mala Gaonkar’s immersive work “Theater of the Mind” — for Off-Center — had to be postponed, local directors Betty Hart’s and Amanda Berg Wilson’s opportunities were also waylaid. They were each named assistant directors for the high-profile show. Wilson has her own company — Boulder’s The Catamounts — and once smaller theaters start navigating the social distancing challenges, Hart should be on a short list to helm a play or a few of them. Even so, to see Hart and Wilson land these gigs testified to the ways in which the city’s behemoth could substantively help and engage the local theater community.

“I don’t think those go away,” said Coleman during a video conversation about the world premieres and other shows that spoke to the theater company’s commitment to female creatives and playwrights of color. “We’re not going to do a season. But those projects are all hot contenders to start the next season. I think anything we’ve cancelled – including ‘Choir Boy and ‘Until the Flood’ [each by noted African American writers were set to finish the 20-21 season] – will be in the mix the next season and a half or two seasons. I don’t think they go away, but it’s going to be a while before we put them on stage.”

According to Thursday’s announcement, the Denver Center’s board of trustees plans to “revisit this decision in October and, if circumstances allow, make every effort to return to the stage this coming spring.” Denver Theatre Company subscribers should receive an email advising them about their current subscriptions.

In the meantime, Coleman is figuring out an online presence for the theater company, one “aligned with who we are,” he said. “I think we’ve been slow but over the next month, you’ll be seeing a lot more content. I’m actually excited about it.” As for gathering, he’s wary and optimistic. “I think we’ll find our way back; it’s just going to be messier road than any of us hoped.”

DCPA’s postponed productions

“We are actively working to secure alternate dates and will let patrons know their ticketing options when we make those announcements via email,” DCPA said on its website.

  • Disney’s “The Lion King”
  • Dixie’s “Never Wear a Tube Top…”
  • “Hamilton”
  • “My Fair Lady”
  • “That Golden Girls Show”
  • “Theatre of the Mind”

DCPA’s canceled productions

“Patrons with tickets to canceled events will receive an email with an option to receive a DCPA credit, request a refund or donate the value of their ticket,” DCPA said on its website.

  • “Angry, Raucous & Shamelessly Gorgeous”
  • “The Band’s Visit”
  • “The Book of Mormon”
  • “The Children”
  • “A Christmas Carol”
  • “Choir Boy”
  • “Emma”
  • “Improvised Shakespeare”
  • “In the Upper Room”
  • “Light Up the Sky”
  • “Mean Girls”
  • “Mojada”
  • “Rattlesnake Kate”
  • “The SpongeBob Musical”
  • “Until the Flood”
  • “Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?”

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